Försvarshögskolan

Article about MJ´s work in Liberia (Swe)

Government of the republic of Liberia


Security Sector Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: A New Playground, Different Rules, New Players? (word)

OECD DAC Handbook on Security System Reform (pdf)


United Nations General Assembly Security Council - securing peace and developement (pdf)

Government of the republic of Liberia

Folke Bernadotte Academy




 

 

LIBERIA

Since 2008 Magnus Jörgel has, in addition to his placement at the SNDC, held a position as a Senior Advisor for the Liberian Government, which has been based at the Ministry of Defence in Monrovia.

Like many West African nations, Liberia has suffered through years of horrific civil war. The country’s infrastructure was shattered and the people mired in poverty. Liberia is on the mend now, but the peace remains tenuous, held together by UN troops and international aid. 

By combining both theory and practice his work involves; security policy, Security Sector Reform (SSR) and civil-military cooperation. The field work in Liberia has resulted in first hand sources in an environment which usually is highly difficult to entre. The strategic theory has thereby been tested into a complex reality. Consequently, the development of strategic studies at the SNDC has benefited also from more practical projects.

 

Clickable: Magnus Jörgel - Building Liberia from Film@11 on Vimeo.

Security Sector Reform

Magnus Jörgel is specialized on SSR in Sub-Saharan Africa. Read more here.

SSR is essentially aimed at the efficient and effective provision of state and human security within a framework of democratic governance. In a narrow perspective, the security sector of a country can be seen as the state's security and justice apparatus and the relevant civilian bodies responsible for its management.

The concept of SSR is holistic in its approach to the security sector. It states that all the relevant actors and instruments should be included into the process from a dysfunctional security sector to a reformed one. This includes not only the state's forces, but also non-state actors, armed groups as well as the civil society.

 In this respect, the different country contexts have different implications on the application of SSR. In post-conflict situations, SSR can merely be seen as Security Sector Reconstruction. In transitional and developed countries, the reform aspect is generally more important. SSR is not only integrating relevant security branches, but also linking measures aimed at increasing efficiency and effectiveness of security forces to overriding concerns of democratic governance.

Efforts to modernize security forces, e.g. by buying new weapons or reorganize hierarchical structures, would not be considered SSR without ensuring the sector's democratic accountability. SSR-related activities must always be aimed at improving the governance of the security sector.